Asian Journal of Counselling



Indigenous Counseling in the Chinese Cultural Context: Experience Transformed Model

2002.第9卷第1及2期(Vol. 9 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 49–68
 

Indigenous Counseling in the Chinese Cultural Context: Experience Transformed Model

中國文化脈絡下的本土心理輔導:經驗轉化模式

Florence Hiu-Ha CHONG & Hung-Yi LIU(莊曉霞、劉弘毅)

Abstract

This article argues that indigenous Chinese counseling must provide culturally relevant therapy. Chinese clients’ expectations of directive, goal-oriented, time-limited and pragmatic counseling, their particular form of expressing emotions, and their needs of particular counseling relationships have reframed the counseling process in cultural context. For this, the Experience Transformed Model, an open dynamic model that conflates the tempo-spatial framework and cultural demands with contemporary counseling ideas, is raised. The model suggests that counseling Chinese clients needs to focus on their life and social practice so as to achieve harmony and balance between individuals, in-group, society, and the universe. Therefore, an indigenous counseling needs to readjust the counseling relationship and rearrange counseling stages.

摘要

本文主張進行本土心理輔導的治療時,必須與文化相關。在中國文化的背景脈絡下,當事人對有引導性、目標為本、快速見效及務實的心理輔導有著極大的期待。此外,中國人特有的情緒表達方式和對輔導關係的不同需求,意味著西方心理輔導理論需要在中國文化架構中重新調整。經驗轉化模式是一個開放的互動模式,融合了時間和空間的轉變,以及現代心理輔導對文化需求的概念。這個模式主張,對中國人的心理輔導需要聚焦於當事人的生活及社會實踐上,以期達成個人、團體、社會和宇宙體系的和諧。因此,就本土心理輔導而言,必須重新調整現在的西方輔導關係理論,並重新編排輔導階段,以符合特定文化及族群的需求。