1999．第6卷第2期（Vol. 6 No. 2）．pp. 97114
The Development of Counseling in Four Asian Communities: A Critical Review of the Review Papers
Daniel T. L. Shek（石丹理）
This paper attempts to critically review the four review papers on the development of counseling in different Asian contexts. While these papers constitute thorough reviews of the development of counseling in four Asian communities, there are some unanswered questions in each of them: Fan appears to be over-optimistic about the development of counseling in the Mainland China and he overlooks the problems related to the rapid development; Chen identifies the problems confronting counseling professionals in the education system in Taiwan, but he does not offer any solutions; Leung overestimates the complementary role of counselors to other helping professionals in Hong Kong; Sim underestimates the problems encountered by counseling professionals within the social welfare system in Singapore. Based on the reviews, three issues common to counseling professionals in these four places are identified: the search for professional identity, the quest for indigenization, and the need for developing counseling research. This paper concludes by arguing that there are several embarrassing questions confronting counseling professionals in these four Asian places.