1999．第6卷第2期（Vol. 6 No. 2）．pp. 2148
Towards Professionalism: The Development of Counseling in Taiwan
Since 1950, based on the governmental policy and with the efforts of counseling specialists, Taiwan has started to provide Chinese youth from abroad guidance and counseling to help them make better adjustment. At the same time, school teachers were trained with guidance knowledge to start experimental projects at some chosen middle schools. In 1968, nine-year compulsory education was inaugurated, and guidance and counseling was first officially included in middle school curriculum and administration. In the following 10 years, counseling was extended to elementary schools and colleges. In the 1980s all levels of schools had counseling education and programs. Since 1990, a "Six-year National Development Program" has been in full gear, and under the impact of civil education reform, the acknowledgement and importance of counseling has been widely recognized by schools and society. In the past ten years, with the efforts of the disadvantaged groups, various counseling organizations have been founded to serve those with special needs. The government has been pushed to make some legislation. Some industries now are also aware of the value of counseling, and they start providing employment assistance programs for their employees. The challenges we now face include searching for the professional identity and autonomy, cultivating more professional counselors and supervisors, the specialization and the integration of counselors and practitioners of the related fields, ensuring the professional ethics and qualities, and developing the indigenous counseling for Taiwan's society.