Asian Journal of Counselling


1999.第6卷第1期(Vol. 6 No. 1).pp. 35–55


Confucian, Taoistic and Medical Perspectives on Mental Health in the Pre-Chin' Period

葉錦成(Kam-Shing YIP)




Traditional Chinese culture, to certain extent, is quite different from modern western culture, especially in the perception of mental health of individuals. Modern western concepts of mental health focus on the sense of self-satisfaction, individual's social functioning and interpersonal relationship among individuals in the society. Traditional Chinese culture, in which most of them are founded on the different school of thoughts in the Pre-Chin' period stress more on collective harmony, self discipline and control of individual's needs and desire to fulfill the requirement of the family, society and the country. In this paper, the writer tries to analyse related mental health concepts described in those classical texts like the Four Books of the Confucians, Lao Tsu's and Chuang Tsu's writings in Taoism, and the Yellow Emperor Internal Classics in Chinese medicine. All these are important classics in the Pre-Chin?period which have a strong impact on later dynasties. Their implications on the counselling with Chinese clients are also discussed.