Asian Journal of Counselling



Shared Reality and Dialogic Understanding in Counselling: An Integration of East and West Perspectives

1998.第5卷第1及2期(Vol. 5 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 27–45
 

Shared Reality and Dialogic Understanding in Counselling: An Integration of East and West Perspectives

輔導裏的雙向理解和共有現實:東西觀點的融合

Wai-Man LEE

Abstract

This article has two broad themes. The first concerns the phenomenon that in spite of the recent increases in popularity, theoretical attention, and successful use, the unique difficulty associated with understanding in the counselling process still requires further examination. After a review introduction of previous research in this area, the second broad theme is addressed, namely the introduction of the AR3 Model which integrates both the traditional dialogic thinking in the East and the West. With regard to mutual understanding within the shared reality in the counselling process, it is suggested that an approach based on dialogic thinking can help both the counsellor and the client to arrive at an intersubjective understanding concerning the relevant problems.

摘要

本篇文章的主題有二:(一)在輔導實踐和研究裏,輔導員和受輔者如何達到真正的理解,近年明顯地得到關注。盡管如此,其理論探討,仍有待進一步的發展。關鍵在於當輔導員設計並執行其認為行之有效的輔導方法時,受輔者如何透過明瞭箇中底蘊及基本原理的,勢將影響輔導的成效,而現存文獻甚少對此予以深入的討論,即若有探究者,亦多集中於一般溝通理論的範疇;(二)在總結前人研究的基礎上,本篇文章引介筆者近年透過教學和臨床實踐經驗而建構的AR3模式。該模式融合東西方文化傳統裏的對談理論,指出在輔導過程中,輔導員和受輔者關係,實質是一種互根互涵式的仁者關係,亦即建構於雙向思維的互動基礎上,惟有這樣,才能把在輔導過程中,伴同輔導員和受輔者而來的眾多紛繁複雜問題的理解拉近,雙方才有望達致視野融合的境地。