Asian Journal of Counselling



Stress Coping Strategies in Families With Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) in Guangzhou: A Comparative Study with Healthy Families

1998.第5卷第1及2期(Vol. 5 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 13–25
 

Stress Coping Strategies in Families With Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) in Guangzhou: A Comparative Study with Healthy Families

有乙型肝炎子女家庭處理壓力的方法:與健康家庭的比較

Alice CHENG LAI

Abstract

This study compared the stress coping strategies of three groups of mothers: (1) mothers of children with HBV attending a special health kindergarten; (2) mothers of children with HBV who stayed at home; and (3) mothers of healthy children attending ordinary kindergarten. Their ages ranged from 25 to 43 years old, and their preschoolers were from 3 to 7 years old. In an interview, mothers were first asked to report their frequently used strategies for dealing with their children's disease or sickness. They were then given an objective instrument to assess their coping styles. Content analyses of the subject's reported coping strategies revealed in a classification system consisting of five patterns of coping strategies. The three groups of mothers were compared on these five patterns of coping strategies. Tghe differences in stress coping responses between Hwang's (1977) study and this current research were compared. Each of the five patterns were labelled and explained with reference to the classification system and the Chinese cultural context.

摘要

本研究是在中國廣州進行。它比較三組母親應對壓力之方法:(1)乙型肝炎子女就讀特殊健康幼兒園之母親;(2)乙型肝炎子女留在家中的母親;及(3)健康兒童就讀普通幼兒園之母親。母親的年齡在25至43歲之間。在面談中,母親先被問及在應對子女生病時最常用的應對策略,再用問卷的方式去評估她們的處理壓力方法。在內容分析中產生了五種不同應付壓力的方法。這五種方法又可再分為兩類。本研究對三組母親不同應對壓力的方法上做比較,以及與黃(1977)的研究做對照。本文中也對廣州肝炎子女母親對壓力之五種不同方法,在配合中國文化的情形下作出詳細討論。