Asian Journal of Counselling



Managing Stress — The Uses of a Coping-Rest Model and Cognitive-Behavioural Techniques in a Group Setting

1996.第4卷第1及2期(Vol. 4 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 55–65
 

Managing Stress — The Uses of a Coping-Rest Model and Cognitive-Behavioural Techniques in a Group Setting

處理壓力──小組中應用減壓模式及認知-行為輔導技巧

Daniel F. K. WONG

Abstract

This is a pilot project adopting a coping-rest model and cognitivebehavioural techniques in helping members manage their stress. Treatment focused specifically on modifying the maladaptive cognitive, physiological and behavioural responses to stress by using cognitive behavioural techniques of thought stopping, positive self-statements, cognitive restructuring, problem-solving training, assertion training and relaxation exercises. Members expressed positive feedbacks about the techniques learnt, Moreover, their pre- and post-test scores on GHQ-30 indicated a reduction in distress symptoms experienced by members at the end of the group. In spite of these encouraging results, exisiting models used to guide the design of a stress management group appear inadequate and a more comprehensive model is needed. Moreover, feedbacks from members indicated the needs to strengthen as well as modify the structure and content of the group.

摘要

近年來,社會服務團體紛紛舉辦減壓小組及課程。這些活動主要讓參加者了解減壓的重要性及學習一些處理壓力的技巧。但不少這類的活動缺乏一些理論根據及指引,故在內容及推行上未能全面發揮減壓活動應有的功能。有見及此,本文作者嘗試採用了一個減壓理論架構及認知行為學派的輔導技巧去協助組員學習一些減壓技巧。本文大致分三部分:(一)介紹理論架構及技巧,(二)介紹這理論及技巧如何應用在小組中,(三)檢討小組成效及提出改善之建議。