Asian Journal of Counselling



The Emergence of Teens Suicide in Hong Kong: A Psychodynamic Approach to Suicidal Prevention

1993.第2卷第1期(Vol. 2 No. 1).pp. 59–65
 

The Emergence of Teens Suicide in Hong Kong: A Psychodynamic Approach to Suicidal Prevention

從心理動力的角度看香港學童自殺的問題

Alexander C. LO

Abstract

Although the mass media had reported more than ten suicidal cases of the teens since January of 199 1, suicide was not proved statistically to be a significant public health or epidemiologic problem in Hong Kong. In fact, data from the Census and Statistics Department indicated that the suicide rates between 1986 to 1991 remain relatively constant, and the rates for those who are below 19 years of age have been falling between 2 to 7 per 100,000 people. The purpose ofthis paper is to illustrate the emergence of teens suicide in the territory by pointing out the limitation of suicide statistics and the potential hazard of the high risk suicidal factors among today's children and adolescents. Suicidal risk factors, some effective crisis interventions, and suicide preventive measures will be recommended and discussed.

摘要

儘管傳媒自八七年初頻頻地報導有關學童自殺的消息,但從統計的角度來看青少年的自殺問題尚未達到如普羅大眾「視為流行」之嚴重性。本文之主要目的是要指出青少年自殺問題之嚴重性,並非衹限於官方或有關當局所提供之自殺統計數字,而是強調指出劇增之學童自殺數字背後,實隱藏了很多的主要成因,很值得我們從心理動力之概念去探求,和致力找出一些有效的預防方法。自殺危險程度高者,大部份均為自我形象偏低、內向,及不懂得善用周圍環境的資源之人士。當他們遇到不如意事情發生、或沉重的心理壓力、或認為自己是失敗者、或遭受別人抗拒時,便會不堪一擊,用自我毀滅的方法來解決他們所遇到的問題。本文亦指出大部份有自殺傾向的學童,他們的家庭背境都是非常複雜的。在缺乏家庭溫暖底下,他們都患上後天「心理健康失調症」。最後,本文亦提供四項有效的預防方法,作為大家的參考。