Asian Journal of Counselling



The Relationship of Client-Counsellor Similarity in Locus of Control and Attributional Style to Continuation in Counselling

1993.第2卷第1期(Vol. 2 No. 1).pp. 25–34

 

The Relationship of Client-Counsellor Similarity in Locus of Control and Attributional Style to Continuation in Counselling

受導者及輔導員在控制基源及歸因上之共通點與延續輔導之關係

Zion P. LAW

Abstract

The research investigated the similarity model of client- counsellor pairings in relation to counselling continuation. Results indicated that counselling continuation was not significantly correlated with their demographic characteristics, locus of control and counselling expectation, but their attributional styles: (a) the clients who attributed negative events to internal-stable-global causes, tended to continue the counselling; whereas those who attributed to extemal-unstable-specific causes tended to discontinue the counselling prematurely; (b) when both counsellors and clients attributed positive events to extemal- unstable-specific causes, the counselling was discontinued prematurely, (c) however, when either one or both parties of clientcounsellor pairings attributed positive events to intemal-stable-global causes, the counselling was continued. It supported partially both similarity and complementarity models in one way or another, advancing our understanding of the complexity of counselling continuation. Applications to Attributional Therapy and suggestions for future studies were also discussed.

摘要

作者研究輔導員與受輔助者相似的特質及其歸因模式會否影響輔導/治療繼續與否,結果發現輔導能否繼續而不會過早終斷與兩者的背景特質或其相似與否並無關係。但與其歸因取向關係密切。那些慣於將失敗歸咎於由「內在—穩定—整體」因素所致的受助者,並不輕易提早終斷輔導服務。祇要單方面或雙方同時將成功的事件歸因為由「內在—穩定—整體」因素所致,則輔導依然可以繼續。但若雙方對於成功的事件歸因為由「外在—不穩定—特殊」的因素所致則輔導容易提早終斷。