Education Journal



香港中學教學語言政策改革:檢討與批判

2005.第33卷第1–2期(Vol. 33 Nos. 1–2).pp. 221–243

 

香港中學教學語言政策改革:檢討與批判

Reform on the Medium-of-Instruction Policy of Hong Kong Secondary Schools: Review and Critique

曾榮光(Wing-Kwong TSANG)

摘要

2005年2月3日教育統籌委員會公布《檢討中學教學語言及中一派位機制諮詢文件》,引起了教育界之間對中學教學語言政策的不少爭論。為有助對有關議題的理性討論及理解,本文的目標是從較宏觀的視點去重新檢視香港特別行政區中學教學語言政策的本質。據此,本文首先將會重新檢視本港中學教學語言的根本目標,並把它們放置在香港特別行政區這個一國兩制政體、細少開放經濟及後殖民社會的宏觀體系內,以剖析中學教學語言政策目標在本質及結構上存在的矛盾。其次,本文會剖析「檢討工作小組」的政策分析與建議本身在方法取向上的盲點與缺失。第三,本文會進一步質疑工作小組整個政策建議的根本理據基礎。最後,將會提出另一個與工作小組建議不同的具體方案供各方參考。

Abstract

The Education Commission of Hong Kong issued a consultation document entitled Review of Medium of Instruction for Secondary Schools and Secondary School Places Allocation on 3 February 2005. The document has generated heated debates among different parties concerned. In order to facilitate rational discourse and understanding about the issue, this article intends to approach the issue from a macroscopic standpoint and to examine the essential constituents involved in the medium of instruction (MOI) policy of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). Accordingly, the article will begin with an examination of the objectives of MOI policy in the HKSAR. These policy objectives will then be set against the context of the political system of “one country, two systems,” a small and open economic system, and the post-colonial social system to analyze the structural contradictions at work in the MOI policy of the HKSAR. Second, the article will reveal the blind spots and faults committed by the Working Group in their policy analysis and design. Third, the article will further question the fundamental rationales underlying the whole proposal of MOI policy put forth by the Working Group. Finally, an alternative proposal will be outlined to serve as a reference for public discussion on the issue.