Education Journal



中國內地、香港和台灣數學課程發展的回顧與展望

1998.第26卷第1期(Vol. 26 No. 1).pp. 131–148

 

中國內地、香港和台灣數學課程發展的回顧與展望

The Trend of Mathematics Curriculum Development in Chinese Mainland, Hong Kong, and Taiwan

馬雲鵬(Yunpeng MA)

摘要

本文在回顧中國內地、香港和台灣近半個世紀以來中小學數學發展的基本歷程的基礎上,分析了三地中小學數學課程的主要特徵和發展趨勢。認為三地的數學課程發展體制基本上以中央集權模式為主;數學課程發展明顥地受中國的傳統文化影響;數學教學比較多地依賴於教材。從發展趨勢上表現出接受和提倡大眾數學的思想、使教學內容更具彈性、重視開發學生的多種能力以及開始注重計算工具在數學教學中的運用。

Abstract

This paper reviews the development of mathematics curricula in Chinese Mainland, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. It was found that the mathematics curricula in all three areas were developed under a centralized system and are influenced by the traditional culture of China. On the other hand, teaching at the classroom level is shaped by textbooks. Recently, the mathematics curricula in all three areas are moving towards everybody mathematics, more flexibility in content selection, catering to the studentss ability, and the more use of calculators and computers in teaching.