Education Journal


1995.第23卷第2期(Vol. 23 No. 2).pp. 1–26



Between National and Citizenship Education: Discourse on Citizenship Education of Hong Kong in the 1997 Handover

曾榮光(Wing-Kwong TSANG)




This paper aims to clarify ideas which have emerged from the discourse on education for further citizens of the Hong Kong Special administrative Region in recent years. These ideas can broadly be grouped into two concepts, namely nation and citizenship. Through the historical-comparative perspective, the substances of these two concepts will be analysed. Based upon our understanding of these two concepts, an education framework integrating both national and citizenship education will be constructed. It is intended to inform as well as to facilitate the discourse on citizenship education among Hong Kong educators in the run-up to the 1997 transition.